Navarrese Company

   Spanish mercenary band, like the Catalan Grand Company (q.v.) before them, that migrated east in the late 14th century. The name derives from Navarre, where many of them originated. Once in Greece (q.v.), the Navarrese hired themselves out to whoever would pay them. Employed by the Hospitallers (q.v.), they helped conquer Thebes (q.v.) from the Catalans in 1379. This proved to be the beginning of the end of the Catalan domination in Greece. So weakened were the Catalans that the Acciajuoli (q.v.) wrested Athens (q.v.) from them in 1388. The Navarrese then fought for control of Frankish Achaia (q.v.), and subsequently for the Peloponnesos (q.v.) against Theodore I Palaiologos (q.v.) and the Acciajuoli (q.v.). Their meteoric expansion ended in 1402, by which time they had joined forces with an ally more powerful than themselves, the Ottomans (q.v.). In effect, their military intervention served to erode resistance to Ottoman expansion in Greece.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Navarrese Company — The Navarrese Company was a company of mercenaries, mostly from Navarre and Gascony, which fought in Greece during the late 14th century and early 15th century, in the twilight of Frankish power in the dwindling remnant of the Latin Empire.… …   Wikipedia

  • Catalan Company — Manuscript of the Crònica of Ramon Muntaner. The Catalan Company of the East (Catalan: Companyia Catalana d Orient, IPA: [kumpəˈɲi.ə kətəˈɫanə ðuɾiˈen]), officially the Magnas Societas Catalanorum, sometimes called the Grand Company and… …   Wikipedia

  • Catalan Grand Company —    Soldier company of Spanish mercenaries hired by Andronikos II (q.v.). They were supposed to halt the Ottoman (q.v.) expansion in what little was left of Byzantine Asia Minor (q.v.); instead, they wreaked havoc on Byzantine territories from… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Juan de Urtubia — Juan (or John) de Urtubia (spelled Durthubie or Durthubia in the Pamplonese archives and de Ortobia or Ortubia in the Barcelonan archives of the Crown of Aragon; sometimes called Joan de Urtúvia in Catalan; died 1381) was a Navarrese royal squire …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Navarre — Infobox Former Country native name = Reino de Navarra Nafarroako Erresuma Royaume de Navarre conventional long name = Kingdom of Navarre common name = Kingdom of Navarre national motto = continent = Europe region = Mediterranean country = Spain… …   Wikipedia

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  • Pedro Bordo de San Superano — (also spelled San Superán, in French Pierre de Saint Superan ; Pedro Bordo meaning Peter the Bastard ; died 1402) was one of the captains of the Navarrese Company in the Morea from 1379 until he was made Prince of Achaea in 1396, a post he held… …   Wikipedia

  • Greece, history of — ▪ Byzantine to modern Introduction       history of the area from the Byzantine (Byzantine Empire) period, beginning about AD 300, to the present. For earlier periods, see Aegean civilizations; ancient Greek civilization; and Hellenistic Age.… …   Universalium

  • Juan Fernández de Heredia — (c. 1310 ndash; 1396) was the Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller from 24 September 1377 to his death. His tenure was occupied by the affair of Achaea. He was also a great patron of the translation and composition of historiographical works… …   Wikipedia

  • Simon Atumano — was the Bishop of Gerace in Calabria from 23 June 1348 until 1366 and the Latin Archbishop of Thebes thereafter until 1380. Born in Constantinople, Atumano was of Greco Turkish stock, his surname deriving from the word Ottoman. [Setton, Catalan… …   Wikipedia

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